Parking Enforcement

Parking Enforcement

The following information is provided to assist motorists who may have been issued with an Expiation Notice.

The information is provided as a general guide and should not be taken as legal advice .

Alexandrina Council undertake parking enforcement activities within the area and at times may issue expiation notices under the Australian Road Rules. Enforcement activities are based on risk and not on achieving quotas for revenue. For this reason, Officers focus their enforcement activities on schools and on other vehicles that are parked unsafely so as to unfairly put the safety of the community at risk. Expiation fees are statewide and are not dictated by Officers. Due to the confronting nature of parking enforcement activities, Compliance staff most commonly issue expiation notices by posting them to the registered owner of a vehicle. This is an acceptable method of issuing an expiation notice under the Expiation of Offences Act 1996.

You are strongly encouraged to refer to the actual legislation prior to making any decision in relation to payment of an Expiation Notice issued. It should also be noted that only some of the most common offences have been listed on this page. 

Relevant Legislation

For the purpose of policing parking issues, Council staff are authorised to issue Expiation Notices in accordance with the requirements of the following:

Local Government Act, 1999

Road Traffic Act 1961

Road Traffic (Road Rules - Ancillary and Miscellaneous Provisions) Regulations, 1999

Australian Road Rules 

Private Parking Areas Act 1986

Expiation of Offences Act 1996  

Fine Enforcement and Recovery Unit(11 kb)

Should you require further information regarding the Australian Road Rules, you may like to direct your enquiry to your legal advisor. Alternatively, if you are a member of the RAA you may like to avail yourself of the RAA Legal Advisory Service on 8202 4570.

Penalties and Payment

Under the Expiation of Offences Act, infringement notices need not be attached to vehicles. Details of the offence may be taken and an expiation notice posted to the registered owner of the vehicle. On occasions, it is not safe for a compliance officer to place a notice on a vehicle for various reasons. These may include heavy traffic conditions, the offender may have driven off before the notice could be placed, and adverse weather conditions which may endanger the safety of the officer.

Late fees may be added to any expiation if payment is not made within 28 days. Failure to pay an expiation to Council may result in the expiation being referred to the Magistrates Court where further penalties may apply.

If you believe the parking fine issued is incorrect, unfair or where there is a legitimate reason to have been illegally parked, please read the Parking Expiation Review Information before writing an application for waiving the offence, which if lodged, must be supported with evidence and MUST be in writing:

Disputing your expiation notice

Disputing your expiation notice - fact sheet

Paying your expiation notice

Payment for Expiation Notices must be made in full in person using cash, credit card, cheque or money order at the Goolwa or Strathalbyn Offices of Alexandrina Council. Postal payments may be made using a cheque or money order. Payment may also be made over the telephone using a MasterCard or Visa Card. We aim to have the option for online payments in the near future.

All fees associated with offences against the Australian Road Rules are determine by the state government and reviewed on an annual basis. Councils do not set or have input into the fee structure.

Common Offences

For your convenience please find below a summary of some of the most common offences committed by motorists for which Expiation Notices may be issued:

Rules 167 & 169 - No stopping provisions

No Stopping Signs and Continuous yellow lines are routinely installed in areas where it is unsafe or in-appropriate for a motorist to stop.

Expiation Notices are issued by Council staff if a vehicle is stopped in a "No Stopping zone or on a "Solid Yellow Line", even if the vehicle only stops for a short time (such as to allow a passenger to enter to alight from the vehicle).

As soon as the vehicle comes to a stop the offence has been committed.

Rule 170 - Stopping in or near an intersection (within 10 Metres)

The Rules stipulate that a driver must not stop within 10 metres of an intersection, whether or not the intersection is marked with a solid yellow line. Vehicles parked within this distance of an intersection obstruct the field of vision and create an immediate safety hazard for pedestrians and other motorists alike.

As soon as the vehicle comes to a stop the offence has been committed.

Rule 179 - Stopping in a loading zone

Loading Zones are generally provided so as to provided easy access to busy areas for the purpose of loading or unloading heavy or awkward items for deliver to local businesses.

Where a vehicle is parked in a Loading Zone and it is evident that the driver of the vehicle is not actively loading or unloading items, an Expiation Notice may be issued.

Rule 183 & 195 - Stopping in a bus zone and bus stop

A driver must not stop within 20 metres of the approach to a bus stop and within 10 metres of the departure of a bus stop, or in a bus zone to which bus zone signs have been installed unless the driver is driving a public bus. Bus stops are provided by the Department for Transport, Energy & Infrastructure along public bus corridors.

The public bus service forms a critical part of the greater metropolitan transport network. Vehicles parked in Bus zones and adjacent to bus stops (whether or not a Bus was in the zone at the time that another vehicle stopped in the zone) have the capacity to adversely affect the accessibility and timeliness of busses.

As soon as the vehicle comes to a stop in a Bus Zone or adjacent to a Bus Stop the offence has been committed.

Rule 189 - Double parking

A driver must not stop on a road:

  1. if the road is a two-way road-between the centre of the road and another vehicle that is parked at the side of the road; or
  2. if the road is a one-way road-between the far side of the road and another vehicle that is parked at the side of the road.

Double parking has become a regular, albeit dangerous habit of many drivers, especially in areas near and around school zones. Vehicles parked in contravention to this Rule slow the general flow of traffic by creating an additional traffic hazard for other drivers to navigate.

Passengers, such as small school children entering and alighting from vehicles double parked need to make their way around other legitimately parked vehicles. This practice has been known to be the cause of serious accidents causing harm.

Rule 198 - Obstructing access to and from a footpath, driveway etc

A driver must not stop on a road in a position that obstructs access by vehicles or pedestrians to or from a footpath ramp or a similar way of access to a footpath, or a bicycle path or passageway.

Vehicles parked on paths cause pedestrians and other path users to deviate onto the road or onto unpaved areas. Additionally, paths are not constructed with vehicles in mind and may result in additional maintenance costs.

Rule 203 - Stopping in a parking area for people with disabilities

A driver must not stop in a parking area for people with disabilities unless:

  1. the driver's vehicle displays a current parking permit for people with disabilities; and
  2. the driver complies with the conditions of use of the permit.

The Council recognises that some members of our community require parking facilities close to popular areas and for this reason a number of such parking areas are provided in an around popular shopping precincts as well as privately owned car parks catering for other popular shopping destinations.

Vehicles parked in Permit Zones without the relevant permit being displayed cause drivers of eligible vehicles to be inconvenienced.

Even if the driver of a vehicle has a current permit, if the permit was not displayed, or the permit was displayed but obscured from view, Expiation Notices are issued. It is the driver's responsibility to ensure that the Permit is current and displayed in such a way that it can be easily seen by Council staff.

Rule 205 - Parking for longer than indicated

Many parking spaces in an around busy commercial and some residential zones have had Time Limit restrictions installed so as to ensure that drivers move their vehicles on a regular basis. The underlying reason for the installation of such time limits is an attempt to ensure that ample parking spaces are available for those motorists who need them most - short term visitors to the area or customers needing the services of local businesses.

Rule 208 - Parallel parking on a road

This section includes the following offences:

Fail to park in the direction of lawful travel                                                                    

The driver must position the vehicle to face in the direction of travel. Vehicles parked "Facing the wrong way" need to be driven across on the wrong side of the roads to rejoin the traffic, possibly causing a hazard to other road users.

Not as near as practicable, to the far left side of the road

If the road is a two-way road, the driver must position the vehicle parallel, and as near as practicable, to the far left side of the road. Vehicles not parked as near as practicable, to the far left side of the road may cause a hazard to other road users.

Park too close to a dividing strip or line

Dividing strips (or lines) are commonly installed near intersections or in areas where the driver may not be able to see oncoming traffic. The driver of a parked vehicle must ensure that at least three (3) metres is left between the outside edge of the vehicle and the line which is marked on the road.

Rule 211 - Parking in parking bays - Not Wholly within one space

Vehicles which are parked across two spaces severely restrict the number of spaces available in that zone.